Choice Based Credit System


The University Grants Commission, New Delhi, in its 12th Plan Guidelines, directed the Universities in the country to implement the Choice Based Credit System (CBCS) to set a benchmark in the University education and fulfil expectations of all the stakeholders. The Objectives are:

  1. Shift in focus from Teacher-Centric to Learner-Centric education.
  2. Allow students to choose according to their learning needs, interests and aptitude.
  3. Provide flexibility to the students allowing them to choose inter-disciplinary courses, change majors, programs, etc.
  4. Make education broad-based. Students can earn credits by choosing unique combinations.
  5. Help self-paced learning with flexibility. Students can opt for as many as 26 credits per semester.
  6. Student can exercise the option to decide his/her own pace of learning- slow, normal or accelerated plan and sequence the choice of courses, learn to face challenges through term/project work and may venture out to acquire extra knowledge/proficiency through add-on courses.
  7. Offer opportunity to study at different times and in different places. Credits earned at one Institution can be transferred to another
  8. Few Key Words

    • Course: Usually referred to, as ‘papers’ is a component of a programme. All courses need not carry the same weight. The courses should define learning objectives and learning outcomes. A course may be designed to comprise lectures/ tutorials/laboratory work/ field work/ project work/ vocational training/viva/ seminars/term papers /assignments / presentations/ self-study etc. or a combination of some of these
    • Credit: A unit by which the course work is measured. It determines the number of hours of instructions required per week. One credit is equivalent to one to two hour of teaching (lecture or tutorial) or two hours of practical work/field work per week
    • Letter Grade: It is an index of the performance of students in a said course. Grades are denoted by letters O, A+, A, B+, B, C, P and F
    • Semester Grade Point Average (SGPA): It is a measure of performance of work done in a semester. It is ratio of total credit points secured by a student in various courses registered in a semester and the total course credits taken during that semester
    • Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA): It is a measure of overall cumulative performance of a student over all semesters. The CGPA is the ratio of total credit points secured by a student in various courses in all semesters and the sum of the total credits of all courses in all the semesters.
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